Birthmarks are a common type of discoloration that appears on your skin at birth or during the first few weeks of life. They are usually not cancerous. They can occur anywhere on your face or body. Birthmarks vary in color, size, appearance, and shape. Some are permanent and may increase over time. Others disappear completely. Most birthmarks are harmless, but some indicate an underlying medical condition. In some cases, birthmarks can be removed for cosmetic reasons by birthmark removal in Kanpur.
Types of birthmarks
Many birthmarks fall into one of two categories, each with a different cause:
Vascular birthmarks occur if blood vessels in a certain area of the skin do not form as they should. For example, there may be too many blood vessels clustered in one area, or the blood vessels may be wider than they should be.
Pigmented birthmarks occur when there is an overabundance of pigment cells in an area. Pigment cells are what give your skin its natural color.
Birthmark Removal in Kanpur
Most birthmarks are harmless and do not require removal. Some birthmarks can cause discomfort due to their appearance. Other types of birthmarks, such as hemangiomas or moles, can lead to an increased risk of certain medical conditions, such as skin cancer. These birthmarks should be monitored by a dermatologist and may also require birthmark removal in Kanpur.
Techniques for birthmark removal in Kanpur include:
Laser therapy can significantly remove or lighten port wine stains, making them less visible. This type of treatment is performed by a dermatologist or plastic surgeon in Kanpur. It uses highly concentrated pulsating beams of light that can be modulated for power.
Laser therapy may be most successful when it is started in childhood, but it can also be used in older children and adults. You will usually need several treatments. Laser treatments can be uncomfortable and may require a local anesthetic. They usually produce permanent results. Temporary swelling or bruising may occur.
Beta blockers are oral medications used to treat high blood pressure. Propranolol is a type of beta blocker that can also be used to reduce the size or appearance of hemangiomas. It works by shrinking blood vessels and reducing blood flow. This causes the hemangioma to soften, fade, and shrink. Another beta-blocker, timolol, can be applied topically and can have similar results.
Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory medications that can be taken by mouth or injected directly into birthmarks. They work directly on the blood vessels helping to decrease the size of the birthmark.
Some birthmarks can be successfully treated through surgical removal. These include very deep hemangiomas that can damage the healthy tissue that surrounds them. Some large moles can also be removed.
Birthmark removal in Kanpur is typically done on an outpatient basis and may even be done in a dermatologist’s office rather than in a hospital. A doctor uses a small scalpel to remove the birthmark after administering local anesthesia. If the birthmark is large, it may be removed in sections over the course of several appointments.
Tissue expansion is another surgical technique that is sometimes used to reduce the scars left by the surgical removal of birthmarks. Requires insertion of a balloon under healthy skin located next to the birthmark. This causes new, healthy skin to grow like a kind of flap. This flap is used to cover the area where the birthmark was previously. The balloon is then removed.
Tips for Monitoring Birthmarks
Most types of birthmarks are harmless and go away on their own. You should refer any birthmarks your baby or child has to your pediatrician. They can help you monitor the birthmark for growth. They can also determine whether the birthmark is associated with a genetic condition that requires treatment.
Monitoring your child’s birthmark is important and should be done by you and a doctor. Look for changes such as an increase in size, elevation, or darkening of pigmentation. If you notice rapid growth in a birthmark, tell your child’s doctor.